Controllable Image-to-Video Translation: A Case Study on Facial Expression Generation

Generative Models


  • Lijie Fan
  • Wenbing Huang
  • Chuang Gan
  • Junzhou Huang
  • Boqing Gong

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The recent advances in deep learning have made it possible to generate photo-realistic images by using neural networks and even to extrapolate video frames from an input video clip. In this paper, for the sake of both furthering this exploration and our own interest in a realistic application, we study image-to-video translation and particularly focus on the videos of facial expressions. This problem challenges the deep neural networks by another temporal dimension comparing to the image-to-image translation. Moreover, its single input image fails most existing video generation methods that rely on recurrent models. We propose a user-controllable approach so as to generate video clips of various lengths from a single face image. The lengths and types of the expressions are controlled by users. To this end, we design a novel neural network architecture that can incorporate the user input into its skip connections and propose several improvements to the adversarial training method for the neural network. Experiments and user studies verify the effectiveness of our approach. Especially, we would like to highlight that even for the face images in the wild (downloaded from the Web and the authors’ own photos), our model can generate high-quality facial expression videos of which about 50% are labeled as real by Amazon Mechanical Turk workers.

Please cite our work using the BibTeX below.

  author    = {Lijie Fan and
               Wen{-}bing Huang and
               Chuang Gan and
               Junzhou Huang and
               Boqing Gong},
  title     = {Controllable Image-to-Video Translation: {A} Case Study on Facial
               Expression Generation},
  journal   = {CoRR},
  volume    = {abs/1808.02992},
  year      = {2018},
  url       = {},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprint    = {1808.02992},
  timestamp = {Sun, 02 Sep 2018 15:01:56 +0200},
  biburl    = {},
  bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography,}

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