Higher-Order Certification For Randomized Smoothing



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NeurIPS Optimization

Randomized smoothing is a recently proposed defense against adversarial attacks that has achieved SOTA provable robustness against 2 perturbations. A number of publications have extended the guarantees to other metrics, such as 1 or , by using different smoothing measures. Although the current framework has been shown to yield near-optimal p radii, the total safety region certified by the current framework can be arbitrarily small compared to the optimal. In this work, we propose a framework to improve the certified safety region for these smoothed classifiers without changing the underlying smoothing scheme. The theoretical contributions are as follows: 1) We generalize the certification for randomized smoothing by reformulating certified radius calculation as a nested optimization problem over a class of functions. 2) We provide a method to calculate the certified safety region using 0th-order and 1st-order information for Gaussian-smoothed classifiers. We also provide a framework that generalizes the calculation for certification using higher-order information. 3) We design efficient, high-confidence estimators for the relevant statistics of the first-order information. Combining the theoretical contribution 2) and 3) allows us to certify safety region that are significantly larger than the ones provided by the current methods. On CIFAR10 and Imagenet datasets, the new regions certified by our approach achieve significant improvements on general 1 certified radii and on the 2 certified radii for color-space attacks (2 restricted to 1 channel) while also achieving smaller improvements on the general 2 certified radii. Our framework can also provide a way to circumvent the current impossibility results on achieving higher magnitude of certified radii without requiring the use of data-dependent smoothing techniques.

This paper has been published as a spotlight at the 2020 Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) conference.

Please cite our work using the BibTeX below.

      title={Higher-Order Certification for Randomized Smoothing}, 
      author={Jeet Mohapatra and Ching-Yun Ko and Tsui-Wei Weng and Pin-Yu Chen and Sijia Liu and Luca Daniel},
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