Research

Searching Efficient 3D Architectures with Sparse Point-Voxel Convolution

ECCV

Authors

  • Haotian Tang
  • Zhijian Liu
  • Shengyu Zhao
  • Yujun Liu
  • Ji Lin
  • Hanrui Wang
  • Song Han

Published on

07/31/2020

Categories

Computer Vision ECCV

Self-driving cars need to understand 3D scenes efficiently and accurately in order to drive safely. Given the limited hardware resources, existing 3D perception models are not able to recognize small instances (e.g., pedestrians, cyclists) very well due to the low-resolution voxelization and aggressive downsampling. To this end, we propose Sparse Point-Voxel Convolution (SPVConv), a lightweight 3D module that equips the vanilla Sparse Convolution with the high-resolution point-based branch. With negligible overhead, this point-based branch is able to preserve the fine details even from large outdoor scenes. To explore the spectrum of efficient 3D models, we first define a flexible architecture design space based on SPVConv, and we then present 3D Neural Architecture Search (3D-NAS) to search the optimal network architecture over this diverse design space efficiently and effectively. Experimental results validate that the resulting SPVNAS model is fast and accurate: it outperforms the state-of-the-art MinkowskiNet by 3.3%, ranking 1st on the competitive SemanticKITTI leaderboard. It also achieves 8x computation reduction and 3x measured speedup over MinkowskiNet with higher accuracy. Finally, we transfer our method to 3D object detection, and it achieves consistent improvements over the one-stage detection baseline on KITTI.

This paper has been published at ECCV 2020

Please cite our work using the BibTeX below.

@misc{tang2020searching,
      title={Searching Efficient 3D Architectures with Sparse Point-Voxel Convolution}, 
      author={Haotian Tang and Zhijian Liu and Shengyu Zhao and Yujun Lin and Ji Lin and Hanrui Wang and Song Han},
      year={2020},
      eprint={2007.16100},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CV}
}
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